Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of childbearing age and can lead to severe acne. What has been overlooked in treating PCOS-dependent acne is the role Demodex mites play in exacerbating it and developing refractory Demodex acne. Simply put, Demodex can thrive in the right conditions in PCOS and develop resistant acne that does not go away with common PCOS treatments. This article addresses this type of acne and offers a solution for people whose acne persists during or after PCOS. Stay with OZiDEX.
About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome, also known as hyperandrogenic anovulation (HA) or Stein–Leventhal syndrome, is one of the most common metabolic and hormonal disorders in women of childbearing age. PCOS can significantly affect the quality of life. Sufferers undergo problems such as infertility, menstrual irregularities, obesity, insulin resistance, hair loss, unwanted hair growth and acne.
As the name implies, polycystic ovary syndrome causes cysts to grow on the outer edge of the ovary. The affected ovaries grow in size and cannot regularly release the egg (ovum), resulting in fertility issues. However, what causes most PCOS-related disorders is not ovarian deformity but hormonal changes. Under these conditions, too many male hormones, known as androgens- are released from the ovaries and adrenal glands, responsible for common disorders related to PCOS. These male hormones cause:
- Unwanted, thick and coarse hair on the face, chest or back (Hirsutism)
- Insulin resistance
- Resistance to weight loss
- Patches of dark skin on the back of your neck or other areas (acanthosis nigricans)
- Hair loss
- Cardiovascular problems
- Mood disorders
Among these widespread symptoms, here we discuss acne. Why does PCOS cause acne? Why do pimples sometimes persist even after the PCOS is under control? How to get rid of them? And Demodex acne and ways to control it.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Acne
As mentioned, PCOS is a hormonal condition that causes frustrating problems like acne. Polycystic ovary syndrome can disrupt your body’s natural hormone balance, causing androgens and insulin to increase. These two hormones play the most crucial role in causing PCOS symptoms, including acne.
Androgens and Acne
When you develop acne, people usually say: “It’s your hormones”, that’s spot on. Although they are not involved in all sorts of acne, hormonal changes can play a significant role in causing breakouts.
Want to know more about acne and its causes? Let’s delve deeper.
Different hormones are implicated to have a role in acne pathogenesis, including androgens, estrogen, growth hormone, adrenocortical hormones, and insulin. Out of all the hormones that can affect acne genesis, androgens play the most crucial role.
Androgens are male hormones. The androgen you’re probably most familiar with is testosterone. Although these hormones are typically thought of as male hormones, small amounts of them are also produced in women. Adrenal androgens account for 50% of androgen synthesis in females, and ovaries making the other 50%.
Puberty is connected with the increasing production of androgens in both sexes. If you think way back to junior high health class, you may remember acne as among the first signs of puberty onset.
Androgens make skin oil glands grow and stimulate the production of sebum. Excess skin oil clogs the pores and lets bacteria and other harmful microorganisms develop inside this humid closed environment. Demodex mites use sebum as their food source, proliferate, and produce pus as waste products. The skin gradually swells, and pimples develop.
Furthermore, androgens may lead to follicular keratosis, characterized by excessive keratin development in hair follicles. This protein can help clog the pores and end up in acne.
Insulin and Acne
A high level of insulin can increase your chance to develop acne in the following ways:
- Insulin makes male hormones more active. As mentioned, androgens are related to acne by activating the sebaceous glands and producing more fat.
- This hormone produces a type of growth factor (IGF-1) that boosts sebum production by making oil glands grow. This agent also causes the skin cells to grow quickly and clog the pores.
Why Does Your Face Acne Keep Breaking Out Even After Controlling PCOS?
There is no cure for PCOS. However, weight loss and exercise help sufferers balance their hormone levels. Along with losing weight, the androgen and insulin levels keep dropping, which lead to improving fertility and reducing symptoms like acne. Some medications and lifestyle changes also help control this syndrome which is beyond the scope of this article.
However, recent studies have shown that the factors involved in PCOS-related acne go beyond hormonal changes. Sometimes pimples persist and even intensify even after managing the main cause. What has been shown to be involved is a skin mite called Demodex. This parasite can aggravate PCOS-related acne and prevent its treatment.
Meet Your Mites
Demodex is a genus of tiny parasitic mite that usually live in small numbers within your pores. Just about every adult human alive has a population living on them. They are part of the skin’s natural flora. However, like other microorganisms that reside in the human body, they become problematic when they grow out of control. Enough food to feed is among the factors that provide suitable conditions for developing microorganisms, including Demodex mites.
The leading food of these parasites is skin oil (sebum). They grow denser on more oily areas of the skin like the face, especially the forehead, chin, cheeks and around the nose and mouth.
Demodex live in hair follicles and sebaceous glands. They lay eggs there to reproduce. Demodex mites avoid the sunlight. That’s why they spend most of their time under the skin and only come to the surface at night. They have tiny legs that enable them to crawl up to the surface and move around the skin.
Hormonal changes caused by polycystic ovary syndrome provide these parasites with large amounts of sebum. These tiny arachnids feast on sebum and rapidly grow their population.
The Role of Demodex in Causing Acne:
When increased, Demodex mites can cause or exacerbate acne by a variety of mechanisms. Since up to 25 of them can fit one follicle, they can physically close the pores and follicular ducts.
On the other hand, Demodex mites are vectors for harmful bacteria that play an active role in pimple formation. When they are gone, these bacteria leak out and penetrate inside the pores and across the skin and trigger acne development.
Acne is a primary inflammatory issue. Demodex arouses this inflammation by secreting provocative substances that stimulate the immune system and triggers reactions that intensify the acne.
Once these parasites increase, you cannot successfully treat the skin issues they cause until you remove them. So, if Demodex is involved in causing or exacerbating acne, getting rid of acne requires getting these parasites under control.
Are Demodex Causing Your Persistent Pimples?
The answer can be a bit challenging. If you can get polycystic ovary syndrome under control, and your hormones balanced, but still have active breakouts, you may want to look into Demodex being at the root of the issue.
There are two ways to measure the density of Demodex: The microscopic test and The Online Demodex Test.
If you are tempted by the name “microscopic” and think you are going to hunt all the mites under the lens, unfortunately that is not the case. Demodex mites often hide under the skin hooked to the hair follicles. Therefore, the number counted under the microscope does not always reflect their actual population.
One way to gather a sample is to remove a layer of stratum corneum with adhesive tape. Your doctor sends the sample to a laboratory to count the number of parasites. When their number exceeds five per square centimetre of skin, demodicosis or Demodex infection is diagnosed. Performing this test requires a high level of skill, and the results may vary at different times of the day and night.
However, although Demodex may stay under the radar, the signs that they are sabotaging your skin are apparent. These symptoms are what track with the online test.
Demodex Mite Online Test is an accurate and valid test to estimate the population of your Demodex mites. If the results show significant populations, we advise not to hesitate to take appropriate action to remove them. You can use PROCUTiN. This natural herbal based product efficiently removes Demodex from your skin and hair.
How PROCUTiN Helps You Defeat Your Stubborn Acne?
PROCUTiN is a unique product designed specifically to combat Demodex mites. Benefiting from a gentle formulation, you can incorporate it into your skincare routine. PROCUTiN has no side effects and is entirely safe for use on your pimples. Once you remove Demodex mites, their consequences – including acne – gradually fade away after the initial die off period.
Since polycystic ovary syndrome has no specific treatment, PROCUTiN helps you control PCOS-related acne. You may not be able to control the overproduction of sebum, but by routinely eliminating these parasites, prevent their population from growing steadily and avoid complications in the long term.
In addition to the product, we at OZiDEX offer you a protocol that has a positive attitude in the fight against Demodex and also helps you control polycystic ovary syndrome by creating good habits and quitting bad ones. Excessive production of sebum due to increased androgens and insulin can lead to other skin conditions. PROCUTiN promotes your skin health and helps you deal with these skin and hair concerns.
If you require a broader range of anti-Demodectic products, you can incorporate the use of Ungex Bundles and Kits as well as single products. Ungex is an Australian company of self-care products which OZiDEX is the latest brand within its family. Both of these brands produce anti-Demodex products and help you get rid of your acne and other Demodex-related symptoms.