Blepharitis is a chronic inflammation of the eyelids. Unlike a sty, this type of swelling affects both eyelids. Blepharitis treatment is challenging, and people with this issue often experience frequent recurrences.
This article reviews this common skin problem, its causes, diagnosis, and treatment (including eyelash mite control). Finally, we talk about the role of Procutin, the unique product of Ozidex, and its role in helping to treat blepharitis.
The Symptoms of Blepharitis
Regardless of the type and cause of blepharitis, common symptoms include:
• Itching eyelids
• Burning sensation
• Foreign body sensation in the eyes
• Dandruff-like flakes on the eyelashes, in the corner of the eye, or on the eyelid
• Red and dry eyelids
• Watery eyes
• Oily eyelids
• Light sensitivity
Long-Term Complications of Blepharitis
If left untreated, the eyelid inflammation can cause thickening of the eyelid edges, capillary dilation, Trichiasis (the eyelash growing back into the eye), eyelash loss, Ectropion (turning the lower eyelid outward), and Entropion (turning the lower eyelid inward).
It can also lead to complications in the conjunctiva and cornea. That’s why blepharitis treatment is so necessary.
Types of Blepharitis:
Blepharitis is usually divided into two kinds, posterior and anterior.
• Anterior Blepharitis:This type affects the outer surface of the eyelids. Swelling of the skin, mainly around the eyelashes, and inflammation of follicles, are a common complication of anterior eyelid inflammation.
• Posterior Blepharitis:This type involves the eyelid’s inner surface (where it is in contact with your eyes.) It is mostly caused by disorders of the meibomian glands, which is located behind the eyelashes follicles.
What causes Blepharitis?
The exact cause of the eyelid inflammation is not known. In some cases, the condition can be passed from person to person. However, one or more of the following factors may cause blepharitis:
• Seborrheic dermatitis
• Dysfunction of the meibomian glands
• Dry eyes
• Allergies including eye medication reactions, contact lens solution, or cosmetics
• Demodex mites
Among the above causes is staphylococcal infections (including staphylococcus aureus), and seborrheic dermatitis. They are the principal causes of anterior eyelid inflammation.
However, the leading cause of posterior eyelid inflammation is the dysfunction of the meibomian glands. These glands are above and below the eyelid, and their openings are located near the base of the eyelashes on the eyelids. When we blink, the oil secreted in these glands spreads on the surface of the eye and prevents dry eyes.
Meibomian gland dysfunction leads to the irregular secretion of oil, which in turn, leads to the growth of bacteria. This will be followed by irritated eyes and other symptoms of blepharitis.
What is the Role of Demodex in Causing Blepharitis?
Before examining Demodex mites’ role in creating and exacerbating blepharitis, it is good to know a little about them. Only then can we begin controlling Demodex mites as a remedy strategy.
Demodex mites are a type of arthropods, which refers to the class of Arachnida which are invisible to the naked eye. These mites have lived on mammals’ skin as ectoparasites for centuries. Among them, two species called Demodex folliculorum and Demodex Brevis live exclusively on human skin.
Although these mites are supposed to be harmless under normal circumstances, when their population increases, they can aggravate or even cause various skin and hair problems; one of which is blepharitis.
Demodex may cause blepharitis through various mechanisms, the most important of which are as follows:
• Physical obstruction:
Demodex can physically get trapped in the ducts of the sebaceous/meibomian glands, as well as the follicles. This may prevent secreted oil from leaking out, leading to inflammation, further bacterial growth, and eventually blepharitis.
• Inflammatory substances secretion
Various inflammatory substances are released from the body of Demodex, living or dead. This can either cause or exacerbate the inflammation and lead to the aforementioned ducts closing. These substances also may trigger inflammatory reactions by stimulating the immune system.
• Harmful bacteria:
Many harmful bacteria live inside the Demodex body; one of them is staphylococcus aureus, whose role in causing blepharitis is elucidated. When Demodex dies, these microorganisms spread on the skin surface. The more Demodex there are, the more bacteria are released.
Due to its frequent recurrence, it isn’t easy to treat this skin condition. Doctors treat blepharitis based on the diagnosis.
• The use of antibiotics in the form of ointments, eye drops, or orally is beneficial.
• Artificial tears and/or drops that provide the necessary oil for the eyes are other blepharitis treatment.
• Steroids, on the other hand, are prescribed topically and orally to reduce inflammation.
• If the cause of blepharitis is Demodex, controlling Demodex mites plays a crucial role in treating blepharitis.
In addition to the above treatments, some home remedies (such as warm compresses) can also be helpful.
How Does Procutin Help Treat Blepharitis?
The mechanism of Procutin (Ozidex’s powerful and natural product) in helping blepharitis treatment, is similar to its performance with other skin issues. By removing Demodex mites, Procutin eliminates many factors that trigger or exacerbate blepharitis, including bacteria and various inflammatory agents.
PROCUTiN kills and controls eyelash mites when it comes into direct contact.
If you suffer from blepharitis, give Procutin a chance.